C Earth's solid surface layer sits on a moving, semiliquid lay…. Egg Yolk [Unit 1, Lesson 3]... *If an…, 3. The ________ era is known a…, : 1... ... 4) ... ... ________ are among the most…, Earth Science - Dynamic Structure of Earth, 1) Asthenosphere... 2) Core... 3) Crust... 4) Ge…, 1) The layer immediately surrounding the lower mantle; compose…. PLAY. Measuring the Earth's Resources; 3 - Rocks and Minerals; 4 - The Dynamic Earth. Quizlet Vocabulary Game - Unit 3. Y ou can find the vocabulary terms for each topic by clicking on the topic. The ____ of the moon you see depends on how much of the sunlit side of the moon faces Earth. Final Review: Earth/Environmental Science, sun, planets, and all the other objects that revolve around th…, large group of stars, dust, and gas held together by gravity;…, all matter and energy that exists in space, a slow motion of Earth's axis that traces out a cone over a pe…, - warming Earth's surface at night... - cooling Earth's surface d…, Form of physical weathering caused by friction between rock pa…, Effect of the weight of atmosphere pressing on a given surface…, This equals the mass of an objects * its volume. Play Unit 3 Scatter! ____ occurs when an object in space comes between the sun and another object, and casts a shadow on the object. earth science ch 19.3 and 19.4 Flashcards | Quizlet Start studying Science Chapter 19 Study Guide. Start studying Earth Science Chapter 16. Search this site ... Unit 3 Earth's Waters. It is…, Perihelion (January) - Days are shorter in Winter, The hydrosphere is all of the water on earth including the wat…, Oceanography is the study of the ocean and all of the componen…, Meteorology is the study of the atmosphere, climate and temper…, opposite sides of the fault have shifted horizontally. Diagram: Observer's altitude = 66…, West to east... 15 degrees per hour... in 24 hours or one day, 2. C The oceanic crust is denser than the continental crust. The sun is directly overhead at 23.5 degrees north/south at this time. Place where two of Earth's tectonic plates are moving apart. Chapter 2 earth science Vocabulary - 11 cards; chapter 2 freshwater add on everett - 5 cards; Chapter 2 Freshwater Mirabello add ons - 8 cards; Chapter 2 General Properties of Matter. Standing here, a person would see a total solar eclipse, The path of an object as it revolves around something else, For every action, there is an equal and opposite reaction, Force is proportional to the mass times the acceleration, Tool used to study radio waves from space, The point in an elliptical orbit closest to Earth, The distance that light travels in one year (around 9.5 million million km), the velocity an object must acquire to fly beyond a planet/moon 's gravitational pull, An object in motion tends to stay in motion while an object at rest will stay at rest, unless acted upon an outside force, The tendency of something to resist a change in motion, reaction force which propels a rocket forward, tool used to study light from distant objects, every object in the universe attracts every other object, device built to observe distant objects (makes them appear closer. Cram.com makes it easy to get the grade you want! Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. A vocabulary list featuring earth science. Occurs in September and marks the beginning of fall in the Northern Hemisphere. Earth Science Vocabulary (20 cards) 2020-12-10 7 El sistema del Sol, la Tierra y la Luna (7 cards) 2021-01-08 7 Erosion and Deposition:Mass, Movement, and Glaciers, Neumeyer 6 (12 cards) 2016-11-17 7 1 - Prologue; 2 - Measuring the Earth. Cracked Pieces [Unit 1, Lesson 3]... *…, 4. the continual movement of water among Earth's atmosphere, oceans, and land surface through evaporation, condensation, and precipitation Evaporation the process by which water molecules in liquid water escape into the air as water vapor theory that explains the:... - movement of the continents... - chang…, rigid blocks of crust and upper mantle... - move along the hot up…, - 2 plates move away from each other... - hot mantle rock rises... -…, - crust collides with another oceanic plate or continental pla…, Geology, Astronomy, Meteorology, Oceanography, The study of the materials that make up the earth's surface (R…, The study of objects beyond the earth (Space, planets, stars,…, The continents of South America and Africa fit together like p…, The lithosphere tends to break, while the asthenosphere tends…. A measurement of distance from the equator (in N/S), Small, rocky objects revolving around the sun, name often given to the first four outer planets, the study of the moon, stars, planets, etc, A meteoroid that passes through the atmosphere and hits the surface of Earth, A streak of light produced by the burning of a meteoroid (in the atmosphere), Region between Mars/Jupiter w/ many asteroids. ), The line passing through Earth's center/poles, a shadow is casted on the moon because Earth is blocking the sun from the moon, a shadow is casted on Earth because the moon is blocking the sun from the Earth, The darkest part of the moon's shadow. A person standing here would see a partial solar eclipse. How do you find the volume for an irregular object? the condition of Earth's atmosphere at a particular time and place, the average, year-after-year conditions of temperature, precipitation, winds, and clouds in an area, scientists who study the causes of weather and try to predict it, the envelope of gases that surrounds Earth, a form of oxygen that has three oxygen atoms in each molecule instead of the usual two, the pressure caused by the weight of a column of air pushing down on an area, an instrument used to measure changes in air pressure, the process by which heat is trapped in the atmosphere by gases that form a "blanket" around the Earth, a measure of how hot or cold an object is compared to a reference point, the horizontal movement of air from an area of high pressure to an area of lower pressure, a measure of cooling combining temperature and wind speed, the continual movement of water among Earth's atmosphere, oceans, and land surface through evaporation, condensation, and precipitation, the process by which water molecules in liquid water escape into the air as water vapor, the amount of water vapor in a given volume of air, the percentage of water vapor in the air compared to the maximum amount of water vapor that air can contain at a particular temperature, the process by which molecules of water vapor in the air become liquid water, the temperature at which condensation begins, wispy, feathery clouds made of ice crystals that form at high levels, fluffy, white clouds, usually with flat bottoms, that look like rounded piles of cotton, clouds that form in flat layers and often cover much of the sky, any form of water that falls from clouds and reaches Earth's surface, an instrument used to measure precipitation, a huge body of air that has similar temperature, humidity, and air pressure at any given height, the boundary where unlike air masses meet but do not mix (Cold, Warm, Stationary, Occluded), a small storm often accompanied by heavy precipitation and frequent thunder and lightning, a sudden spark, or energy discharge, caused when electrical charges jump between parts of a cloud, between nearby clouds, or between a cloud and the ground, a rapidly whirling, funnel-shaped cloud that reaches down to touch Earth's surface, a tropical storm that has winds of about 119 kilometers per hour or higher, a "dome" of water that sweeps across the coast where a hurricane lands, the process by which plants release water vapor through their leaves, the movement of energy through a body of water, the horizontal distance between two wave crests, the vertical distance from the crest of a wave to the trough, the number of waves that pass a specific point in a given amount of time, the movement of sand along a beach; caused by waves coming into shore at an angle, a ridge of sand deposited by waves as they slow down near shore, a rush of water that flows rapidly back to sea through a narrow opening, a stone or concrete wall built out from a beach to reduce erosion, a giant wave caused by an earthquake on the ocean floor, the daily rise and fall of Earth's waters on shore, a tide with the greatest difference between high an low tide that occurs when the sun and the moon are aligned in a line with Earth, a tide with the least difference between high and low tide that occurs when the sun and moon pull at right angles to each other, the total amount of dissolved salts in a water sample, an underwater vehicle built of strong materials to resist pressure at depth, a large stream of moving water that flows through the ocean (surface currents caused mainly by winds; deep currents caused mainly by differences in density), the effect of Earth's rotation on the direction of winds and currents, the pattern of temperature and precipitation typical of an area over a long period of time, an upward flow of cold water from the ocean depths (brings nutrient rich waters to the surface), an abnormal climate event that occurs every 2 to 7 years in the Pacific Ocean, causing changes in winds, currents, and water patterns, a systme that uses sound waves to calculate the distance to an object, which gets its name from sound navigation and ranging, a gently sloping, shallow area of the ocean floor that extends outward from the edge of a continent, a steep incline leading down from the edge of the continental shelf, a mountain on the ocean floor that is completely underwater, a smooth, nearly flat region of the deep ocean floor, the continuous range of mountains on the ocean floor that winds around Earth, one of the major pieces that make up Earth's upper layer, the process by which new material is added to the ocean floor along the boundary between diverging plates, tiny algae and animals that floast in water and are carried by waves and currents, free-swimming animals that can move throughout the water column, organisms that live on the bottom of the ocean or other body of water, the area that stretches from the highest high-tide line on land out to the point on the continental shelf exposed by the lowest low tide, a coastal inlet or bay where fresh water from rivers mixes with salty ocean water, water that is partly salty and partly fresh, characteristic of estuaries, the part of the ocean that extends from the low-tide line out to the edge of the continental shelf, the area of the ocean beyond the edge of the continental shelf, an area in the open-ocean that extends to an average depth of 6000 meters, an area where ocean water sinks through cracks in the ocean floor, is heated by the underlying magma, and rises again through the cracks, the framing of saltwater and freshwater organisms, a lump fromed when metals such as manganese build up around pieces of shell on the ocean floor, the part of the moon's shadow that is less dark and larger than the umbra. 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